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  #1  
Old 02-09-23, 08:31 PM
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Default Victoria Regina et Imperatrix - Line Infantry 1881-1901

Hi all,

In my own opinion the late Victorian era represents one of the finest periods in badge craftsmanship for the breadth and richness of heraldic design and decorative yet functional use of metals at some scale.

A few years pre-COVID, I had the opportunity to acquire a collection of Victorian regular infantry Other Rank's (OR) metal forage cap and collar badges from a Forum member and friend. The majority had been collected in the years before reproductions plagued our hobby. I had seen the collection mounted on a single board on a visit to see part of the Forum members collection many years before and the memory of it stuck in my mind until the day I plucked up the courage to enquire if it could be purchased. I was very pleased that I was able to acquire them. They all have lovely dark toned loops and that has been one of my yardsticks as I added to it in the years since.

Like many I suspect, I collected stamps and can remember coming to England for the first time and going to Stanley Gibbons and buying a few fine used Australian pre-decimal stamps that I didn't have and my budget could run to. What I liked was having an album with spaces for those stamps I didn't have. That experience has stayed with me and so even now when I lay out my Victorian collection I leave spaces for what I know are the gaps. The difficulty and additional joy of the hobby is finding a badge that is a gap filler but occasionally for a gap you didn't know existed.

I started with ORs forage cap badges as the first badge worn following the change from the glengarry in 1894. To these I added in the matching collar badges which for a period after about 1894, the left hand collar badge was worn in the cap until purpose made field service cap badges were introduced in the late 1890s as per the sealed pattern dates shown. I then added in metal shoulder titles that were issued to replace cloth titles. I then added buttons not just post-1881 but I added numbered examples to show the pre-1881 lineage. Like a fool I thought it would be nice to add Officer's forage (peaked) cap badges (but not Officer’s Service Dress) and that extended to Officer's metal collar badges (noting that for Officers of many Regiments embroidered/bullion cap and collar badges were worn). Somewhere in this methodical approach I added in fur cap grenade badges even though this included pre-1881 glengarry versions. I can actually blame the generosity of a couple of Forum members for leading me astray in this regard. My thanks to them.

Not stopping at field service cap badges, I became interested in pagri badges having seen some nice examples over my collecting years. That might have been a good place to have called it a collection but foreign service helmet badges spoilt that plan. I have read in a piece by KLR on the Forum that "Most of these badges were specifically sealed for the 'Foreign Service Helmet' (FSH)and the 'Universal Service Headdress' (=slouch hat). Both these items did indeed have pagris wrapped around them...Most of what we call cap badges that originally appeared in the 1890s were specifically sealed for the "Field Service Cap" (and later the Forage (ie peaked) cap) and the FSH".

My thanks to many generous Forum Members for passing on spares through sales, gifts and swaps.

So in no way am I an expert in regards to any of the regiments I show badges for and I certainly will not win awards for my spacings and the aesthetics of how they are displayed. Saying that I hope it draws out some additional information about when and on what certain badges were worn and by whom.

Any spares to fill gaps would be appreciated via a PM.

I'll cover a board at a time while back home in sunny England for a family holiday. Edits will follow of the period worn on which headwear as time allows. Happy to be guided by members and hope they are of interest.

Cheers Dean.
Attached Images
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Last edited by mooke07; 06-09-23 at 04:33 AM.
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  #2  
Old 02-09-23, 08:40 PM
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Line Infantry (In order of precedence)

Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment), 1st (The Royal) Regiment of Foot, ORs glengarry 1872-1890 (Bloomer 27), forage cap badge sealed 12/06/1889 (Kipling & King 589), collar badges sealed 8/12/1881 (Churchill Fig 2) and shoulder title (Westlake 717).

Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), 2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot, cap badge sealed 22/07/1898 (KK590), ORs collar badges (36) sealed 20/01/1882, 14/12/1897 (37 & 38) and 14/07/1898 (42 & 43), Officer’s metal collar badges (39), and shoulder titles (732 and 733 c1900) with the second battalion wearing a distinct shoulder title QUEEN’S 2 R.W.S (736) until 1898.

Buffs (East Kent Regiment), 3rd (The East Kent) Regiment of Foot, cap badge sealed 14/07/1896 (KK591), collar badges sealed 4/08/1882 (78), 14/08/1894 (80), 13/09/1898 (81) and shoulder title (743) c1898.

Officers of the Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment wore an elliptical shoulder title in brass during the Boer War as per the image shown of this example recently acquired from Geoff Newman. There is also a trial pattern pair of collar badges for the Buffs shown in Churchill as 79 also now in my collection courtesy of David at British Army Badges with an image of them shown below. These will get added to my boards when I get back home.

Also shown as individual images are a Queen's Officer's badge in silver and gilt for wear as a pagri badge. Pagri badges are generally fitted with stout brooch pins and a gate-like hinge. The next badge shown is an unmarked silver Officer's pagri badge for the Buffs followed by an Officer's field service cap unmarked silver example with copper loops. An ORs pagri badge in gilding metal follows. Then there is the Royal Scots glengarry badge worn until 1890.
Attached Images
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Last edited by mooke07; 05-09-23 at 04:27 AM.
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  #3  
Old 03-09-23, 06:19 AM
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King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment), 4th (The King's Own Royal) Regiment of Foot, cap badge sealed 16/03/1897 (KK592), collar badges 8/12/1881 (103), 18/02/1890 (106) and shoulder titles (753) R:LANC c1893, R.LANC.R. c1893 not illustrated and (754) LANCASTER c1894.

Northumberland Fusiliers, 5th Regiment of Foot (Northumberland Fusiliers) cap badge sealed 30/06/1898 (KK593), collar badges 11/01/1882 (123) and 3/05/1895 (124) and shoulder title NF with separate grenade (759).

Royal Warwickshire Regiment, 6th (Royal 1st Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot cap sealed 28/07/1896 (KK594) and collar badges 29/01/1881 (156), 1890 (160 & 161), 24/12/1894 (166) and 7/10/1896 (167 & 168) and shoulder title semi-circular WARWICK (779) worn until 1902.

Individual badges shown are a King’s Own Officer’s silver cap badge with silver loops, a King’s Own ORs pagri badge for wear on the Foreign Service Helmet (noting a match in the collection of the King’s Own museum, see below) on original felt backing, a NF Officer’s silver and gilt cap badge with pagri fitting, a Royal Warwickshire Officers foreign service helmet badge and glengarry type badge.

Churchill notes that in 1896 the King’s Own wore the left hand collar as a Foreign Service Helmet pagri badge. This would have changed to wearing the cap badge as a pagri badge circa 1900-03 as per the named example noted in the King’s Own museum collection. http://www.kingsownmuseum.com/mus03badcapwhitemetal.htm
Attached Images
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Last edited by mooke07; 06-09-23 at 04:27 AM.
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  #4  
Old 03-09-23, 11:03 AM
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Superb collection! Thank you for sharing the images and I hope that you enjoy your family get together and holiday.
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  #5  
Old 03-09-23, 01:30 PM
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Many thanks Toby - the secret to holidays in England is to bring the sun with you!

Cheers Dean
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Old 03-09-23, 01:36 PM
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Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), 7th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 27/09/1898 (KK595), collar badges sealed 21/03/1882 (two sizes 187 & 188) with shoulder title (790) RF with a separate grenade above.

King's (Liverpool Regiment), 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 07/01/1896 (KK598), collar badges 15/12/1881 (215) and 24/12/1894 (221, 222, 223 & 224) with shoulder titles LIVERPOOL (807) and L’pool R (809).

Norfolk Regiment, 9th (The East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 12/10/1897 (KK599) with collar badges 20/01/1882 (275 & 276) and 21/03/1898 (277) and shoulder titles NORFOLK in two semi-circular versions (831 & 832).

The King’s Liverpool Regiment Officers silver and gilt cap badge that has been brooched shown as individual images.
Attached Images
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File Type: jpg IMG_8316.jpg (56.5 KB, 10 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8317.jpg (41.7 KB, 6 views)
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File Type: jpg IMG_8315.jpg (115.3 KB, 12 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 03-09-23 at 11:20 PM.
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  #7  
Old 03-09-23, 11:27 PM
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The Lincolnshire Regiment, 10th (The North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot, cap badge sealed 12/01/1897 (KK600), collar badges sealed 20/01/1882 (312) and 1/03/1898 (313) with semi-circular shoulder title LINCOLN (844).

Devonshire Regiment, 11th (The North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot, cap badge sealed 01/02/1898 (601), collar badges sealed 8/02/1882 (335), 16/04/1886 (336) and 26/09/1899 (337) with shoulder title DEVON (851).

Suffolk Regiment, 12th (The East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot, cap badge sealed 02/11/1897 (603), collar badge sealed 29/12/1881 (378), and noting the more common variant with thirteen stones around the archway (379) and 6/04/1898 (380) with shoulder title SUFFOLK (865).

Lincolnshire Regiment Officers cap badge, silver and gilt with cloth backing.

Devonshire Regiment Officers QVC cap badge, silver, gilt, enamel and cloth backing.

Suffolk Regiment ORs Foreign Service Helmet QVC pagri badge in GM with original stout pagri pin and fretted wreath.

Suffolk Regiment Officers QVC cap badge in silver marked Bent & Parker with date letters obscured, likely a cast copy of 1898 B&P HMSS badge.

Suffolk Regiment Officers Foreign Service Helmet QVC pagri badge in unmarked silver with stout pagri pin and fretted wreath.
Attached Images
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File Type: jpg IMG_8332.jpg (111.1 KB, 9 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8333.jpg (108.2 KB, 5 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 05-09-23 at 06:37 PM.
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  #8  
Old 03-09-23, 11:36 PM
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Prince Albert's (Somersetshire Light Infantry), 13th (1st Somersetshire)(Prince Albert's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 22/02/1898 (606), collar badges sealed 15/12/1881 (412) and shoulder title SOMERSET with separate grenade above 872.

Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Foot, with cap badge sealed 11/12/1896 (608), collar badges sealed 20/01/1882 (453), and shoulder title W. YORK (881).

East Yorkshire Regiment, 15th (The Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 22/02/1898 (609), collar badge sealed 20/01/1882 (479,480) and 5/04/1898 (481) with shoulder title E YORK (891,892).

Bedfordshire Regiment, 16th (The Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 15/06/1897 (610), collar badge sealed 29/12/1881 (500), 21/03/1898 (501 & 502 facing pair) and shoulder title semi-circular BEDFORD (901,902).

Somerset Light Infantry Officers cap badge in silver with loop and tongue fitting for the Torin cap.

West Yorkshire Regiment Officers cap badge in silver and gilt.

East Yorkshire Regiment Officers cap badge in silver and gilt with black leather backing.

Bedfordshire Regiment Officers forage cap badge in silver and gilt with blue enamel backing.

Larger pattern Bedfordshire Regiment Officers Full Dress cap badge in silver and gilt on leather backing.
Attached Images
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File Type: jpg IMG_8350.jpg (117.6 KB, 5 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 05-09-23 at 07:39 PM.
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Old 03-09-23, 11:40 PM
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Default Leicestershire

Leicestershire Regiment, 17th (The Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge 15/06/1897 (612), collar badge Jan 1881 then 7/12/1897 and semi-circular shoulder title LEICESTER (907).

Leicestershire Regiment Officers cap badge in silver and gilt.

Leicestershire Regiment Officers cap badge for ‘Station Masters’ Full Dress cap in silver and gilt.

Leicestershire Regiment ORs glengarry style badge post-1881 in GM.

Leicestershire Regiment Officer’s forage cap badge adapted with brooch fitting as overlay from Full Dress cap badge.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg IMG_8351.jpg (107.5 KB, 11 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8352.jpg (106.9 KB, 12 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8353.jpg (117.7 KB, 15 views)
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File Type: jpg IMG_8359.jpg (120.7 KB, 6 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 05-09-23 at 08:12 PM.
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Old 03-09-23, 11:55 PM
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The Royal Irish Regiment, 18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 28/04/1898 (613), collar badge 20/01/1882 (550 & mis-spelt VIRTOTIS 551), and shoulder title R. IRISH (916).

Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), 19th (The 1st Yorkshire North Riding - Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 13/09/1898 (615), collar badge sealed 29/12/ 1881 (560) then 5/04/1898 (561) and shoulder title YORK (923).

Lancashire Fusiliers, 20th (The East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 17/09/1897 (618), collar badge sealed 11/01/1882 (123) and shoulder title LF with separate grenade above (930).

Royal Scots Fusiliers, 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 2/02/1882 (619), collar badges sealed 3/08/1899 and shoulder titles SF (943,944).

The Royal Irish Regiment, 18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 28/04/1898 (613), collar badge 20/01/1882 (550 & misspelt VIRTOTIS 551), shoulder title R. IRISH (916).

Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), 19th (The 1st Yorkshire North Riding - Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot (Green Howards)with cap badge sealed 13/09/1898 (615), collar badge sealed 29/12/ 1881 (560) then 5/04/1898 (561), shoulder title YORK (923).

Royal Irish Regiment Officers QVC cap badge in unmarked cast silver.

Royal Irish Regiment Foreign Service Helmet pagri badge in WM with pagri pin fitting

Green Howard’s ORs Foreign Service Helmet pagri badge in GM with pagri pin fitting.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg IMG_8366.jpg (98.7 KB, 16 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8370.jpg (76.7 KB, 2 views)
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File Type: jpg IMG_8380.jpg (105.0 KB, 4 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 09-09-23 at 12:30 PM.
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Old 03-09-23, 11:59 PM
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Lancashire Fusiliers, 20th (The East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 17/09/1897 (618), collar badge sealed 11/01/1882 (123) and shoulder title LF with separate grenade above (930).

Royal Scots Fusiliers, 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed (619), collar badges sealed 3/08/1899 and shoulder titles SF (943,944).

Cheshire Regiment, 22nd (The Cheshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 02/11/1897 (621), collar badges sealed 20/01/1882 as GM (617) and worn in field service cap, next collars sealed 6/04/1898 as GM with modified acorn attachment (618) and Warrant Officers wore in gilt, Officers in silver and gilt (619), and shoulder titles were CHESHIRE (953) for ORs and (954) for Officers.

Lancashire Fusiliers Officers cap badge is silver and gilt.

Cheshire Regiment Officers cap badge in silver and gilt.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg IMG_8381.jpg (110.1 KB, 7 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8382.jpg (114.6 KB, 9 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8383.jpg (118.7 KB, 10 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8384.jpg (117.7 KB, 13 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 09-09-23 at 12:32 PM.
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Old 04-09-23, 04:22 AM
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Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) with cap badge sealed 26/04/1898 (622), grenade collar badge sealed 11/01/1882(122 & 123), Officers wore embroidered collar badges, and shoulder titles were WF (964) before 1898 then RWF (965) after.

South Wales Borderers, 24th (The 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 8/09/1896 (624), sphinx collar badges sealed 21/03/1882 in WM (660) and again 21/03/1897 as Sphinx WM as per Lincolnshire Regiment with mottled background to Egypt tablet and a border around it. Female sphinx of the Manchester Regiment (663) also worn. Officers sphinx collar badges were in gilt. Shoulder title was SWB (978) and Officers (982).

The King's Own Borderers, 25th (The York) Regiment of Foot (King's Own Borderers) with cap badge sealed 10/07/1889 (626), Edinburgh Castle GM collar badges sealed 8/02/1882 (688, 689, 690) and again 3/06/1897 smaller Edinburgh Castle GM with tri-part scroll on red cloth backing (691) and 26/09/1899 further modified castle (692). Officers wore embroidered collar badges. Shoulder titles were KOB (988) then KOSB (989) with Officers (991)

The Cameronians (Scotch Rifles), 26th (The Cameronians) Regiment of Foot and 90th Regiment of Foot (Perthshire Volunteers) (Light Infantry) with cap badge sealed 26/04/1882 in bronze and then 13/09/1898 (630), no collar badges worn during the 1881-1901 period as it had become a rifle regiment. Shoulder title was SR in blackened metal (998).

Royal Welsh Fusiliers Officers cap badge in silver and gilt.

Royal Welsh Fusiliers Officers cap badge in silver and gilt. Alternate pattern.

Royal Welsh Fusiliers Officers fur cap badge in silver and gilt.
Attached Images
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File Type: jpg IMG_8399.jpg (58.6 KB, 4 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 09-09-23 at 12:34 PM.
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Old 04-09-23, 04:29 AM
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South Wales Borderers Officers cap badge in hallmarked silver Jennens & Co Birmingham 1898 with silver loops. 42.5mm in diameter. There is a version of this badge for wear as a Victorian pagri badge with an example being shown on the Forum from BROOKIES collection and this badge has a horizontal pagri fitting, is 42mm in diameter and is hallmarked silver by Bent & Parker 1899 Birmingham.

South Wales Borderers QVC Officers “Station Masters” Full Dress cap badge in silver and gilt with worn cloth backing.

South Wales Borderers pagri badge worn on the foreign service helmet and identified by Forum Member 41st from an image in the Durand collection held by Glasgow City Council.

King’s Own Scottish Borderers Officers QVC unmarked silver fretted headdress badge with “camping chair style” pagri fitting.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg IMG_8400.jpg (117.6 KB, 2 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8401.jpg (105.0 KB, 6 views)
File Type: jpg IMG_8403.jpg (102.5 KB, 6 views)
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Last edited by mooke07; 06-09-23 at 04:20 AM.
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Old 04-09-23, 04:59 AM
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Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot and 108th Regiment of Foot (Madras Infantry) with cap badge sealed 31/10/1894 (633), GM collar badges sealed 2/02/1882 (729, 730) and worn horizontally in facing pairs, senior NCOs and Officers wore them in gilt. Shoulder titles as noted for the 2nd Battalion were a grenade bearing the Castle of Inniskilling and below the castle a scroll bearing Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers in brass for ORs and silver and gilt for Officers (1007). INNG.F was worn circa 1900 (1008).

Gloucestershire Regiment, 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot and 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot with cap and back badge sealed 14/07/1896 (634), WM collar badges sealed 22/02/1882 (771) then 21/03/1898 with square top mantle (772). Officers wore a sphinx on two twigs of laurel in gilt (777), versions have been noted with a double tie of the laurel twigs (778) and one with twigs with five leaves (779). Shoulder titles were a semi-circular GLOSTER for ORs and semi-circular GLOUCESTER for Officers. The 2nd Battalion wore 2/GLOSTER (1017) until 1894.

Worcestershire Regiment, 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot and 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot with cap badge sealed 25/05/1897 (636), collar badges sealed 22/02/1882 a GM crowned lion on eight-pointed rayed star (799) with the 2nd battalion wearing a ‘2’ in GM (800) below it. Replaced by pattern sealed 23/10/1883 of a star with Garter Proper and uncrowned lion (801). An uncrowned version is noted (802). Replaced in 1884 by a larger squarer eight-pointed star, the Garter proper and the lion with all four feet on the ground and a bottom scroll ‘FIRM’ (803). Replaced 15/08/1891 with an elongated star with a voided centre and crowned lion (804). The left facing lion collar badge was also worn in the field service cap up to 1897. In 1898 this was replaced by a collar badge with a solid centre and crowned lion (805). Replaced with a voided centre and uncrowned lion collar badge sealed 26/09/1899 (806). The shoulder titles were a semi-circular WORCESTER (1021) until 1902.

Gloucestershire Regiment Officers pagri badge hallmarked silver by Bent & Parker, Birmingham 1887-88. These were allegedly worn by the 1st Battalion in Malta (they landed there in 1893) on the dark blue Austrian pattern field service cap.

Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers Officers fur cap grenade badge in silver and gilt with inverted long pin fitting .

Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers ORs pagri badge in GM with inverted pin fitting.

Worcestershire Regiment Officers cap badge in silver and gilt with “camping chair style” pagri fitting.

I note that I am missing the Gloucestershire Regiment Officer's forage (peaked) cap badge in silver, gilt and enamel.
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Last edited by mooke07; 09-09-23 at 07:36 PM.
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Old 04-09-23, 06:53 AM
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The first pattern Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry collar badge (896) in GM of bugle, castle and feathers was sealed 8/02/1882.

East Surrey Regiment QVC badge for the round forage (peaked) cap as Undress uniform headwear worn 1880-1900 in silver and gilt with cloth backing.

Note the 1st pattern 32nd Foot GM ORs collar badges surmounted with the Duke of Cornwall's coronet worn 1874-1881.

Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry field service cap badge in GM.

Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry ORs pagri badge in GM worn 1881-1898.

Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry Officers two-piece pagri badge in silver, gilt and enamel worn in the round forage (peaked) cap as Undress uniform headwear worn 1881-1900. These are also noted as being worn without the separate title scroll.

Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry cap badge in unmarked silver.
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Last edited by mooke07; 09-09-23 at 07:51 PM.
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